For years, Linda Feges has relied on a multidisciplinary care team at Mayo Clinic to help her address symptoms related to movement disorders. Recently, that team also opened the door for Linda to receive treatment for an odd lump on her face. Now, the lump is gone, and Linda is grateful for the comprehensive, compassionate care she’s received.
many people who reach a certain age, Linda Feges pined for a smooth forehead.
It wasn’t wrinkles causing Linda’s unhappiness with her appearance, however.
For years, an obtrusive bump, just above her nose between her eyebrows, jutted from
first, the lump didn’t cause any problems. But eventually, it began to grow.
The pressure of the mass against her sinuses caused her head and face to ache. Linda,
a former resident of northern Minnesota who now lives in Arizona, sought
medical attention for the lump. But she struggled to find someone locally who
could explain what it was. “I couldn’t get anyone to look at it,” she
Last fall, however, while Linda was at Mayo Clinic receiving therapy for a movement disorder, one of her doctors took note. During an appointment in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Margaret Moutvic, M.D., agreed with Linda that the lump was worth investigating, and she ordered a CT scan of Linda’s face.
The scan revealed that Linda’s facial lump was an intraosseous hemangioma — a type of growth that develops from blood vessels — that had grown into her skull. In November 2018, Linda had the growth removed by surgeons Garret Choby, M.D., in Otorhinolaryngology, and Jamie Van Gompel, M.D., in Neurosurgery. Into the space left behind when the quarter-sized mass was removed, Grant Hamilton III, M.D., a Mayo Clinic facial plastic surgeon, grafted a piece of healthy skull bone.
can’t tell I had the surgery,” Linda says. “In fact, I look a little
bit better than before.”
Dealing with more than
Linda’s appearance isn’t the only part of her life that’s improved thanks to her care at Mayo Clinic. She also has received treatment for two movement disorders.
Linda first came to Mayo Clinic’s Rochester campus in 2002 suffering from unexplained tremors. At that time, she met with physicians in the Department of Neurology and was diagnosed with myoclonus, a condition marked by involuntary muscle spasms that can vary in length, intensity and location.
Thirteen years later, the tremors got significantly worse and began to affect her mobility. Linda underwent a thorough exam and tests to check for other neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy. The results came back negative. Her medical team, which included neurologist James Bower, M.D., concluded that, along with myoclonus, Linda had a type of a functional tremor that caused her legs to shake.
tremors are linked to the brain’s processing involved in movement, says Dr.
Bower. They can be caused by factors that cause the brain to memorize a
maladapted way to perform a certain function.
Bower explains that when someone learns a new activity, like swimming, the
learner’s brain memorizes, or becomes programmed to perform, that activity.
Once the activity is programmed, it becomes permanently imprinted in the brain.
can’t put an adult who knows how to swim into a body of water and say, ‘Don’t
swim,'” Dr. Bower says. “How to move in the water is something
memorized and ingrained on the brain, and you can’t forget it.”
cases of functional disorders, including functional tremors, an alternate way
of moving overrides the brain’s programming and causes abnormal movements.
Managing a complex condition
functional disorders can involve a number of approaches, including physical and
occupational therapy, as well as psychotherapy. Key to Linda’s therapy was
removing the physical and environmental triggers that led to her leg tremors.
why I moved to Arizona,” says Linda, explaining that she and her husband relocated
to the Southwest 11 years ago. “Cold is one of my triggers, and I was
getting stuck in the parking lots at work because my muscles would just stop in
the cold. I’d be stuck there until somebody came and helped me out.”
modified her life to minimize symptoms, so she could move and carry on her job
as a nurse practitioner. But four years ago, after herniating a disc in her
spine, she suffered a serious flare-up of symptoms. The back pain caused her
tremors to become almost constant. The unceasing jerking and twitching
incapacitated Linda. In pain and unable to work, she returned to Mayo Clinic
“They develop a plan that is specific to you, based on what your tremors are like and what your goals are.”
team at Mayo directed her to the BeST, or Behavior Shaping Therapy, program.
The week-long program included occupational, physical and psychological
components. Unlike traditional physical therapy, where the focus is on muscle
strengthening, the exercises stressed in the BeST program focus on muscle
relaxation, Linda says.
give you the tools that you can use to deal with the tremors and kind of retrain
your brain, so you move differently and try not to trigger the shaking,”
Linda says. “It was very intensive, all day, every day for a week. They
develop a plan that is specific to you, based on what your tremors are like and
what your goals are.”
major goal for Linda was descending stairs, which was difficult with the leg
tremors. Through the course of BeST, Linda was given different strategies for
better managing stairs and downward slopes, she says.
Connecting the dots
care Linda’s received at Mayo Clinic has affected her life on multiple levels,
she says. Not only did her medical team identify and diagnose her conditions,
but the treatment had a positive effect on Linda’s sense of self and her abilities.
significant to Linda was the compassionate care provided by Dr. Hamilton and
the multidisciplinary team that removed the hemangioma on her face. For
example, to minimize the effects of surgery on Linda’s appearance, Dr. Hamilton
made the surgical incisions between braids in her hair that had been plaited
prior to the surgery.
“I have long hair, and it was a big deal
that someone took the time to come in and braid my hair, so Dr. Hamilton could
cut around my braids,” Linda says. “They didn’t have to shave my head,
and I don’t know anywhere else where they would do that.”
“They were so kind, and they explained things so well.”
more, during the surgery while Linda was anesthetized, she experienced multiple
episodes of involuntary movement. That allowed her surgical team to help her
neurological team confirm the diagnosis of myoclonus. “Everything just
came together,” Linda says. “Even though they can’t treat my
myoclonus, just knowing and having a solid diagnosis is everything.”
many patients with movement disorders, naming their condition is an important part
of recovery, Dr. Bowers says.
think that naming it, explaining it and having some physical therapy and
occupational therapy can be tremendously helpful for patients,” Dr. Bowers
says. “At Mayo, I think we’re better at communicating these things in very
honest ways and in less judgmental ways.”
treatment Linda’s received at Mayo Clinic has been full of care and
consideration, she says. “They were so kind, and they explained things so
well. They were able to confirm my diagnosis, which is a big deal because it
had been difficult to diagnose. It’s just another example of how they all work
together. You just don’t find that anymore. It’s amazing.”